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PIONEER CURRENT AFFAIRS

  1. United World Wrestling clears name of Narsingh Yadav for Rio Olympics.

United World Wrestling (UWW) on 3 August 2016 cleared wrestler Narsingh Yadav’s name for participation in the 2016 Rio Olympics. He will be participating in the 74kg weight category of the sport.

Reports say fate of the 26-year-old grappler still lies in the hands of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), which will take decision whether he is eligible to take part in the Olympic.

After studying the case, WADA may appeal against a decision of Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel or Appeals Panel of any of its member countries to the Court of Arbitration for Sports (CAS) within 21 days. CAS is specifically constituted to render decisions quickly during the Olympics.

If WADA appeals against the decision of the disciplinary panel at the ad hoc division of the CAS than Narsingh may have to wait some more days to know his fate regarding his participation in the Rio Games.

Background

Earlier after receiving clearance from NADA, the Wrestling Federation of India wrote to UWW to reconsider Yadav’s name in 74kg category.

National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) on 1 August 2016 had exonerated Narsingh Yadav from any violation of anti- dope norms.

  1. CCEA approves upgradation of 13 existing Government Medical Colleges.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 3 August 2016 approved upgradation of 13 existing Government Medical Colleges/Institutes (GMCIs) under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY).

The upgradation of medical colleges under PMSSY broadly involves strengthening of the existing departments as well as building Super Speciality Blocks / Trauma Centres or other necessary facilities as Centres of Excellence etc.

Highlights of the Project

  • The upgradation will be done at a cost of 200 crore rupees for each GMCI with Central share of 120 crore rupees and State Share of 80 crore rupees.
  • Accordingly, the total upgradation cost shall be 2600 crore rupees out of which Central Share will be 1560 crore rupees and that of State will be 1040 crore rupees.
  • It will be completed in time period of 36 months.
  • Upgradation of existing GMCIs will create tertiary care facilities that will serve as composite centres for continued professional education, treatment, patient care and multi skilling of health workers.
  • The facilities to be augmented during upgradation will be decided after proper gap analysis involving all stakeholders.

 About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)

  • The Central Scheme PMSSY was announced in August 2003 with the primary objective of correcting the imbalances in availability of affordable tertiary level healthcare in the country in general.
  • This scheme had two components (a) establishment of new AIIMS and (b) Upgradation of existing government medical colleges.
  • Under PMSSY, 58 Government Medical Colleges have been approved for upgradation. Of these, work has been completed in 16 colleges while it is in progress at other places.
  1. Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ elected 39th Prime Minister of Nepal.

Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist Chairperson (CPN-MC) Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ on 4 August 2016 was elected the 39th Prime Minister of Nepal.

Dahal was the sole claimant to the post of Prime Minister, when he filed his candidacy at the Parliament Secretariat on 2 August 2016.

Dahal was elected Prime Minister with 363 votes in favour and 210 against him. Out of the total 595 members, 22 did not vote. He was backed by the largest party in the House, Nepali Congress, constituents of the United Democratic Madhesi Front and the Federal Alliance.

Who is Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’?

  • Pushpa Kamal Dahal had served as the Prime Minister of the country from 2008 to 2009.
  • He led the CPN (M) as it launched a communist insurgency on 13 February 1996. In the ensuing civil war, more than 17000 Nepalese died.
  • He resigned as Prime Minister on 4 May 2009 after his attempt to sack the army chief, General Rookmangud Katawal, was opposed by President Ram Baran Yadav.
  • He is also widely known by his nom de guerre ‘Prachanda’, a name he went by during his guerrilla days.
  1. Union Cabinet approved Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill, 2016

Union Cabinet on 3 August 2016 gave its approval to Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill, 2016. The amendment seeks to improve road safety in the country.

The bill proposes to increase penalties against traffic violations to as deterrent measure.

Highlights of the Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill 2016

Amendments, Deletion, Replacement and Insertion

  • It aims to amend 68 sections of the existing Motor Vehicle Act that carries 223 sections.
  • It seeks to delete chapter 10 of the existing act.
  • It seeks to replace Chapter 11 with new provisions to simplify third party insurance claims and settlement process.
  • It proposes insertion of 28 new sections.

Compensation

  • It increases compensation for Hit & Run cases to 2 lakh rupees from 25000 rupees.
  • It also has provision for payment of compensation up to 10 lakh rupees in road accidents fatalities.

Role of the States

  • It proposes to improve the transport scenario in the country by permitting states to grant exemptions in stage carriage and contract permits for promoting rural transport, public transport, and last mile connectivity and for passenger convenience and road safety.
  • It proposes that the state government can specify a multiplier, not less than one and not greater than ten, to be applied to each fine under this Act and such modified fine.
  • It proposes that the state government can regulate the activities in a public place of pedestrians and such means of transport.

E-Governance

  • One of its major focuses includes improving delivery of services to the stakeholders using e-governance. These services include enabling online learning licenses, increase of validity period for driving licenses, and others.

Juvenile’s offence

  • It proposes that guardian or owner will be deemed to be guilty in cases of offences by the Juveniles.
  • Juvenile to be tried under Juvenile Justice (Care And Protection Of Children) Act, 2015.
  • Registration of Motor Vehicle to be cancelled.

Road safety

  • It proposes to increase penalties to act as deterrent against traffic violations.
  • Stricter provisions are being proposed in respect of offences like juvenile driving, drunken driving, driving without licence, dangerous driving, over-speeding, overloading etc.
  • Stricter provisions for helmets have been introduced along with provisions for electronic detection of violations.
  • To help the road accident victims, Good Samaritan guidelines have been incorporated in the Bill.

“Vahan” & “Sarathi” platforms

  • It proposes to create National Register for Driving Licence and National Register for Vehicle registration through “Vahan” & “Sarathi” platforms. This would help on brining uniformity in registration and licensing process across the country.

Other features

  • To improve the registration process for new vehicles, registration at the end of the dealer is being enabled
  • Restrictions have been imposed on temporary registration.
  • The Bill also proposes to mandate the automated fitness testing for the transport vehicles with effect from 1 October 2018. This would reduce corruption in the Transport Department while improving the road worthiness of the vehicle.
  • The penalties are also proposed for deliberate violation of safety/environmental regulations as well as body builders and spare part suppliers.
  • The process for testing and certification for automobiles is proposed to be regulated more effectively. The testing agencies issuing automobile approvals have been brought under the ambit of the Act.
  • The driving training process has been strengthened enabling faster issuance of transport licenses. This will help in reducing the shortage of commercial drivers in the country.
  • To facilitate transport solutions for Divyang, the bottlenecks have been removed in respect of grant of driving licenses as well as alterations in the vehicles to make it fit for use of Divyang.

Background

The approved Bill is based on the recommendations of Group of Transport Ministers (GoM) headed by Yoonus Khan, the Transport Minister of Rajasthan. Earlier, the Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways constituted a GoM to address the issue of road safety and to improve the facilitation of the citizens while dealing with transport departments.

A total of 18 Transport Ministers from different political parties participated in three meetings and submitted three interim reports.

  1. Nobel Prize-winning Egyptian chemist Ahmed Zewail passes away.

Ahmed Zewail, the Egyptian-American scientist who won Nobel Chemistry Prize in 1999, died in the United States on 2 August 2016. He was 70.

He won the noble for his pioneering work in femtochemistry, the study of chemical reactions in ultra-short time scales approximately 10−15 seconds (one femtosecond, hence the name).

Ahmed Zewail

  • Born on 26 February 1946, Zewail is known as the father of femtochemistry.
  • He was Linus Pauling professor of chemistry and director of the Physical Biology Center for Ultrafast Science and Technology at California Institute of Technology.
  • He was a Science Advisor to President Obama and the first Arab Scientist to win the Nobel Prize.
  • He received a Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in Chemistry from Alexandria University.
  • He completed his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania supervised by Robin M. Hochstrasser.
  • He did postdoctoral research at the University of California, Berkeley supervised by Charles Bonner Harris.
  • He was awarded a faculty appointment at the California Institute of Technology in 1976.
  • He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1982.
  • He joined the United Nations Scientific Advisory Board in 2013.
  • He was an author of about 600 scientific articles and 16 books.
  • He was a recipient of several honours and awards. Some of them were
  1. a) Egypt’s Order of the Grand Collar of the Nile
  2. b) Wolf Prize in Chemistry (1993)
  3. c) The Othmer Gold Medal in 2009
  4. d) The Priestley Medal from the American Chemical Society
  5. e) Davy Medal from the Royal Society in 2011
  6. f) He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 2001
  7. Sudhanshu Mani appointed as General Manager of Integral Coach Factory.

Sudhanshu Mani on 3 August 2016 was appointed as the General Manager of Integral Coach Factory (ICF).

Prior to this, Mani worked as Chief Mechanical Engineer, Rail Wheel Factory, Yelahanka, Bengaluru.

Who is Sudhanshu Mani?

  • Sudhanshu Mani belongs to 1979 batch of Indian Railways Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME).
  • He holds over 36 years of experience in Indian Railways.
  • He has worked in areas like workshop management, railway operations, project management, planning and Research and Development.
  • He has also worked as Advisor (Minister), Berlin, at Embassy of India, Germany.

About Integral Coach Factory

  • Integral Coach Factory is the only manufacturer of rail coaches located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
  • It was established in 1952.
  • It started production on 2 October 1955.
  • It is owned and operated by the Indian Railways.
  • The coach factory primarily manufactures cars for Indian Railways but also exports railway coaches to other countries.
  • The first items produced by the factory were third class shells for Southern Railway.
  • The Integral Coach Factory consists of two main divisions: shell division and furnishing division.

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