PIONEER CURRENT AFFAIRS
1. Rajya Sabha passes Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012
The Rajya Sabha unanimously passed Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012. The Bill seeks to amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 to widen the scope of the law against child labour and stricter punishments for violations.
Key Provisions of Bill
- Prohibition of employment of children below 14 years in all occupations or processes except where child helps his family.
- Addition of a new category of persons called “adolescent”.
- They are person between 14 and 18 years of age. Prohibition of employment of adolescents in hazardous occupations as specified (mines, hazardous processes and inflammable substance).
- Empowers Union Government to add or omit any hazardous occupation from the list included in the Bill.
- Punishment for employing any child increased i.e. imprisonment between 6 months and two years (from earlier 3 months-one year) or a fine of 20,000 to 50,000 Rupees (from earlier 10,000 to 20,000 Rupees) or both. Proposes penalty for employing an adolescent in a hazardous occupation i.e. imprisonment between 6 months and 2 years or a fine of 20,000 to 50,000 Rupees or both.
- Empowers the government to make periodic inspection of places at which employment of children and adolescents are prohibited.
- Government may confer powers on a District Magistrate (DM) to ensure that the provisions of the law are properly carried out and implemented.
About Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
- Prohibits the engagement of children below 14 years in certain types of occupations and regulates the condition of work of children in other occupations.
- It prohibits employment of children in occupations such as bidi-making, carpet weaving, automobile workshops, handloom and power loom industry, domestic work and mines.
- Glaciers melting at 5 to 20 metre rate annually: Government
Majority of glaciers in India including Gangotri are retreating (melting) at varying rates ranging from 5 to 20 metre per year due to global warming. It was announced by Minister of State (independent charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in Lok Sabha in a written reply.
- The revelations were based on the studies carried out by ISRO, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (WIGH) Dehradun and other institutions.
- Gangotri, one of the largest glaciers (30 km long) of Uttarkahand followed by Satopanth glacier (14 km) are retreating but not at an alarming rate.
- Various studies carried out on melting of glaciers by the in-situ measurements as well as remote sensing data have indicated that the rate of retreat is “not uniform” for all glaciers.
- Dokriani glacier in Bhagirathi basin is retreating between 15 and 20 metre per year since 1995. Chorabari glacier in the Alaknanda basin is retreating at rate of 9 to 11 metre per year (2003-2014).
- The glacier area has decreased from 599.9 sq km (1968) to 572.5 sq km (2006) in the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda river basins which has around 82 glaciers.
- It implies a net loss of 4.6 per cent of the total area. Glaciers in the Uppar Alaknanda basin and upper Bhagirathi basin have lost 18.4 sq km (5.7 per cent) and 9.0 sq km (3.3 per cent) area respectively from 1968 to 2006.
- Nigerian journalist Didi Akinyelure wins BBC World News Komla Dumor Award.
Nigerian journalist and presenter Didi Akinyelure has won the second BBC World News Komla Dumor Award. As part of the award, she will start a three-month placement at the BBC in London in September 2016. It will provide her opportunity to gain skills and experience by attending a course with BBC Academy. Presently, Didi Akinyelure is a prime-time news anchor in Nigeria and presents business news for CNBC, which broadcasts across the African continent. She had started her career in the financial sector before moving to journalism in 2011. She has covered several stories social entrepreneurs in Africa who are transforming the African business landscape.
About BBC World News Komla Dumor Award
The award was established in the honour Ghanaian journalist Komla Dumor. He was a presenter for BBC World News who had died suddenly aged 41 in 2014. The first Komla Dumor Award was won by Ugandan news anchor Nancy Kacungira.
- Steve Elworthy appointed Managing Director of 2019 World Cup.
Steve Elworthy, the former South Africa fast bowler, on 19 July 2016 was appointed the Managing Director (MD) of the 2019 World Cup, which will be held in England and Wales.
In his new role, Elworthy will oversee the lead-up and running of the 2019 World Cup as well as the Champions Trophy and Women’s World Cup. The Champions Trophy and Women’s World Cup will be hosted by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2017.
Elworthy has previously been the Tournament Director for the 2007 and 2009 World T20s and the 2013 Champions Trophy.
Who is Steve Elworthy?
- Born on 23 February 1965, Steven Elworthy is a former South African cricketer.
- After 10 years of playing first class cricket, he made his One Day International (ODI) debut at age of 32 for South Africa on 3 April 1998 against Pakistan.
- His test debut was on 23 July 1998 against England at Trent Bridge, Nottingham.
- He went on to play a total of four Tests and 39 One Day Internationals for South Africa between 1998 and 2002.
- Since his retirement, he has become a successful cricket administrator as Cricket South Africa’s commercial and communications manager.
- In February 2010, he was appointed as Director of Marketing and Communications for the England and Wales Cricket Board.
- NITI Aayog, Intel India sign SoI to start Atal Tinkering Lab Initiative for Young Innovators.
The NITI Aayog on 19 July 2016 signed a Statement of Intent (SoI) with Intel India to start the Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATL) initiative as a part of its flagship programme Atal Innovation Mission (AIM).
The aim of setting up Atal Tinkering Laboratories is to build relevant skill sets among youngsters and to provide access to technology that will enable solutions.
Highlights of the Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATL) initiative
- These laboratories intend to impact 250000 youth with innovation skills & skills for the future across 500 communities & schools.
- The initiative will enable the creation of millions of child innovators who will bloom into young entrepreneurs, thus enabling India’s unprecedented growth.
- Intel will co-lead the creation and management of ten ATLs as State Hubs.
- Intel will support NITI Aayog in building capacities of mentors and developing linkages with Maker ecosystem for quality improvement of projects made by youth, facilitating ideation, design thinking.
- Intel will co-lead an innovation festival which reaches out to 500000 young innovators.
- The Great Derangement: Climate Change and the Unthinkable authored by Amitav Ghosh.
The Book titled The Great Derangement: Climate Change and the Unthinkable authored by Indian novelist Amitav Ghosh was released on 12 July 2016.
The book addresses the challenges of representing the complexity of climate change in literature and the responsibility of writers to document the extreme reality humans are now facing. He examines the inability at the level of literature, history and politics to grasp the scale and violence of climate change.
Ghosh shows that the history of the carbon economy is a tangled global story with many contradictory and counterintuitive elements.
Ghosh ends the book by suggesting that politics, much like literature, has become a matter of personal moral reckoning rather than an arena of collective action. The book serves as a great writer’s summons to confront the most urgent task of our time.
About Amitav Ghosh
Amitav Ghosh is an award-winning novelist and essayist whose books include The Circle of Reason, The Shadow Lines, In an Antique Land, Dancing in Cambodia, The Calcutta Chromosome, The Glass Palace, The Hungry Tide and the Ibis Trilogy: Sea of Poppies, River of Smoke and Flood of Fire.
- Russian PM suspends Deputy Sports Minister Yury Nagornykh named in doping report.
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on 18 July 2016 suspended Deputy Sports Minister Yury Nagornykh from his office. He was suspended after his name occurred in a report on the doping of Russian athletes at the 2014 Sochi Olympics.
Earlier on the day, the President Vladimir Putin said that Russian officials named in the World Anti-Doping Agency’s report would be temporarily suspended.
As per reports, the suspension will last until the investigation into the World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA) report on the involvement of Russian state officials in the doping scandal is over.
- The report of WADA said Nagornykh was told about every positive drug test across all sports from 2011 onwards, and it was he who decided “who would benefit from a cover-up and who would not be protected.
- Canadian sports lawyer Richard McLaren, the author of the report, said the role Nagornykh played in quashing positive drug tests for selected athletes was “beautiful in its simplicity” and part of an “efficient” state system for covering up doping.
- The International Olympic Committee (IOC) did not spell out whether it would heed growing calls for Olympic bans already imposed on Russia’s track and field athletes and weightlifters to be extended to all its competitors in Games in Rio de Janeiro in August 2016.
- Coca-Cola appoints Sarvita Sethi as VP (Finance) for India and South West Asia.
Beverages company Coca-Cola on 19 July 2016 appointed Sarvita Sethi as the new Vice-President (Finance) for India and South West Asia.
Sethi took the charge from Sanjeev Kumar, who is moving to Lagos as Director-Finance for Coca-Cola West Africa. He will also be heading company’s finance operations for 31 countries.
Sethi will be reporting to Coca-Cola India and South West Asia President Venkatesh Kini.
The India and South West Asia Business Units of The Coca-Cola Company includes India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
Before being appointed as the VP (Finance), Sethi served as the Commercial Finance -Director for the Coca-Cola Central and Southern Europe business.
About The Coca-Cola Company
- The Coca-Cola Company is an American multinational beverage corporation.
- It is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.
- The company is best known for its flagship product Coca-Cola.
- The product Coca-Cola was invented in 1886 by pharmacist John Stith Pemberton in Columbus, Georgia.
- The Coca-Cola formula and brand were bought in 1889 by Asa Griggs Candler.
- Candler incorporated The Coca-Cola Company in 1892.