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Current Affairs

Current Affairs

  1. Madhya Pradesh becomes first state to approve setting up of Happiness Department.


Madhya Pradesh Cabinet on 15 July 2016 gave its nod to set up Happiness Department in the state. The department will work as knowledge resource centre on the subject of happiness.

With this approval, Madhya Pradesh became the first state of the country to set up such a Department.

Apart from the department, the cabinet also decided to establish a state Happiness Institute under the Happiness Department. Initially it will have a budget of three crore 60 lakh rupees.


Functions of the Happiness Department

  • It will prepare guidelines for coordination between different departments for propagating happiness in the state.
  • It will identify and define the parameters of happiness and efficiency.
  • It would also prescribe action plan and activities for experiencing happiness.
  • The department will assess mind-set of state’s people from time to time.
  • It would compile and publish survey reports pertaining to status of happiness.
  • It will undertake constant researches regarding means of expanding happiness and improve norms to assess them.

The Happiness Department will include a Chairman, a CEO, a director each for Research and Coordination and an accounts officer, four posts of Research Assistant, six Junior Assistant and five peons.




Earlier, the plan of having a Happiness Department was announced by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan in April 2016. The decision of having such a department was made after making an in-depth study of the measures undertaken by United Nations, the Government of Bhutan and the US’ International Management Institute to assess the status of happiness among citizens.

At present, Bhutan is the only country to have officially adopted gross national happiness instead of gross domestic product as their main development indicator. It adopted the happiness index after UN General Assembly in July 2011 passed a resolution inviting member countries to measure the happiness of their people and to use this to help guide their public policies.







  1. 15 July: World Youth Skills Day.


The World Youth Skills Day is observed globally on 15 July every year to raise awareness about the importance of investing in youth skills development.

Significance of Day:

Create more awareness on training and the development of skills for the youth of today. Create better employment opportunities for the youth. 2016 Theme: “Skills Development to Improve Youth Employment”. On the occasion, United Nations had organised the event facilitated by the UN Envoy on Youth Ahmad Alhendawi. It was co-organized with the Permanent Missions of Sri Lanka and Portugal to the UN along wth UNESCO and the International Labour Organization (ILO).


Observances in India


  • President Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated the first edition of India Skills Competition on the occasion of World Youth Skill Day.


  • The competition commemorate first anniversary of Union Ministry of Skill Development.


  • Besides on this day in 2016, National Skill Development Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to create convergence across sectors and states in terms of skill training activities.




The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had established World Youth Skills Day in November 2014 to raise awareness about the importance of investing in youth skills development.

3. India certified Yaws, Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus free by WHO.


The World Health Organization (WHO) has certified India as Yaws, Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus free country. In this regard, WHO presented certificates to Union Health and Family Welfare Minister J P Nadda in New Delhi. India was declared Neonatal and Maternal Tetanus free country in August 2015. Besides, it was also declared yaws-free in May 2016.


India was declared yaws-free after a team of WHO experts had found interruption of bacterial disease transmission in the country. India is the first country under the WHO neglected tropical diseases (NTD) roadmap, 2012 to eliminate Yaws.


Yaws: It is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the skin, cartilages and bones. It is caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum pertenue. It spreads by direct contact with the fluid from a lesion of an infected person



  1. Tata Advanced Systems signs deal with Bell Helicopter.


Tata Advanced System (TASL) and Bell Helicopter, a Textron Company on 14 July 2016 signed an agreement to work together in support of India’s aviation and defense modernization initiatives. The agreement was inked with an emphasis on ‘Make in India’.

As per the agreement, TASL and Bell Helicopters will join to develop both commercial and government (including military) rotary wing markets in India in the light utility and reconnaissance segments.


Scope of Agreement


  • It is intended to include potential production and assembly capabilities, certain training and maintenance, repair and overhaul requirements.
  • It will also include research and development programs and technology sharing that will grow industrial capabilities and result in innovative ‘Make in India’ solutions.

Tata Advanced Systems Limited


Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL), a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Sons, is the strategic Aerospace and Defence arm of the TATA Group. TASL is both an operating & a holding company.

TASL group is fast emerging as a key Defence and Aerospace player in India with established capabilities and demonstrated deliveries in the following areas:


  • Missile Systems and sub-systems
  • Radar Systems and sub-systems
  • Command & Control Systems
  • Aerospace & Aero-Structures
  • Unmanned Aerial Systems
  • Optronic Systems
  • Homeland Security Solutions
  • Missile Systems


About Bell Helicopter


Founded in 1935 as Bell Aircraft Corporation, Bell Helicopter continues to set the pace for the industry and expand the scope of vertical lift. It was the first company to obtain commercial certification for a helicopter. Over its 80-year history, Bell Helicopter has delivered more than 35000 aircraft to its customers around the world.

Headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, Bell Helicopter has additional plants in Amarillo, Texas and Mirabel, Canada. It also maintains its key logistics supply and service centers in Amsterdam, Prague, Canada and Singapore as well as in the United States.

First Bell helicopter was delivered to India in 1953. At present, more than 90 Bell aircrafts are operational in India in various sectors like commercial, civil/government, and military operations.




  1. ‘Ramayana month’ begins in Kerala.


Kerala on 16 July 2014 started observing Ramayana month in the temples. In Malayalam it is termed as the Ramayana Masam. The Ramayana Month starts with the commencement of Malayalam month ‘Karkidakam’.

During this month the temples and homes of the state recites Adhyatma Ramayanam Kilippattu written by medieval devotional poet Thunjath Ezhuthachan for the 30 days. Ezhuthachan is regarded as the father of Malayalam literature.


The reading of epic Ramayana begins on the first day of the month and is completed on the last day of the month Karkkidakom. The Ramayana is recited by the elder members’ everyday in the evenings after lighting traditional lamp Nilavilakku.

During this observation of the Ramayana month in the state, several competitions and cultural activities based on Ramayana is organised across the state. This unique custom has been preserved across the state over the centuries.



Karkkidakam (July – August) is the last month of Malayalam calendar and is considered as month of rain and scarcity (Panjamaasom). As per belief, the month brings good luck and prosperity to the families as well as spiritual strength to go through different difficulties that comes during monsson.

Karkkidakam month comes ahead of Chingam that brings colourful festival of Onam for the Malayalis.






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